The Mold Remediation Process

Understanding Mold

Mold is a type of fungi that can grow both indoors and outdoors. Mold spores are present in the air and can enter your home through open doors, windows, or ventilation systems. Once mold spores are inside, they can begin to grow and multiply. Mold growth is often visible in the form of black, green, or white patches on surfaces.

Mold is dangerous because it can produce allergens and irritants that can cause respiratory problems, skin irritation, and other health problems. Some people are especially sensitive to mold and may experience more severe reactions. In addition, mold can cause structural damage to your home by growing on wood, drywall, and other materials.

If you suspect that you have mold in your home, it is important to take action immediately. You can remove small amounts of mold yourself with household cleaners and a stiff brush. However, larger areas of mold should be removed by a professional. To prevent mold growth, it is important to keep your home clean and dry, and to repair any water leaks promptly.

Mold Inspection & Testing
Mold Remediation Protocol

Mold Remediation Protocol

The mold remediation process typically involves the following steps:

1. Identifying the source of moisture: It is important to locate the source of moisture or water that is fueling the mold growth. This could be anything from a leaky roof, plumbing issue, or damp basement.
2. Containing the area: Making sure the areas affected with mold are sealed off from the rest of the house to prevent the spread of mold spores. It is also important to minimize the amount of dust and debris created during the clean-up process.
3. Removing the mold: Once the source of moisture has been identified and the area has been contained, the mold must be removed from the affected area. This can be done through cleaning, scrubbing, and vacuuming.
4. Disposing of mold-contaminated materials: All materials that have been contaminated with mold must be properly disposed of to ensure that the mold is gone for good.
5. Cleaning up and preventing future growth: After all the mold has been removed, it is important to thoroughly clean and disinfect the area to ensure that any remaining mold spores are eliminated. Additionally, preventive measures must be taken to prevent future mold growth. This might include repairing any structural or plumbing issues, using dehumidifiers, and regularly checking for signs of moisture.

What is Considered A Normal Mold Count?

A normal mold spore count in a room is typically 200-500 spores. Anywhere between 1-1500 mold spores in a room is normal and safe as long as mold colonies are not visibly growing and no water damage is present. Mold spores are present in virtually every room of every building. These microscopic spores can come in many different ways. From the clothes off your back to a breeze coming in through an open window.
The most common mold spore species to appear in indoor air samples. The majority of the hundreds of sub-species are allergenic; only a few are toxic. This group of species only grows with the humidity in the air as its water source.
The most common mold species and is considered to be allergenic.
Another common allergenic mold.
A common water marker that usually indicates wet paper and/or drywall.
The most common toxic mold species, but not all sub-species are toxic. These species need a direct water source to grow.
A sister mold to Stachybotrys. The two species will grow together; also considered toxic.

What is Considered a High Mold Count?

Because mold spore species and levels differ within each state, agreements are hard to come by with analysts and scientists. A comparison to an outdoor air sample is usually used as the rule of thumb. The following mold spore ranges use the spore/m3 number and not the raw count for each species when interpreted in a lab’s “Air Sample Report”.

· 50-200 spores

Still very low levels; the toxic mold species Stachybotrys and Memnoniella are the only species to be considered an issue at this level.

· 200-500 spores

The most common species (Penicillium/Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and Curvularia) are not an issue and stay within the normal range.

· 500-1500 spores

Sometimes the Penicillium/Aspergillus & Cladosporium levels are in this range and do not require remediation. If water intrusion or mold was not found during the inspection, these levels can be caused by normal life in an enclosed environment.

· 1500-3000 spores

This point indicates that an issue may be apparent unless a corresponding number in the outdoor sample exists. If water intrusion or mold issue wasn’t found, these levels can be achieved by a dusty home or A/C system.

· 3000-10,000 spores

Without a corresponding number in the outdoor sample, some remediation is necessary. A perimeter clean-up is needed if a mold spore source has been identified. If water intrusion or mold issue wasn’t found, the home may need to be cleaned and the duct system should be evaluated.

· 10,000-25,000 spores

Without a corresponding number in the outdoor sample, a mold spore source is usually identified and remediation is needed. If no water intrusion or mold issue was found, the duct system may need to be cleaned and general cleaning of the residence.

· 25,000-75,000+ spores

A mold issue will be easy to identify. Clean up will be required and should be performed by a Professional Mold Remediator.

· 75,000-1,000,000+ spores

The mold issue will be evident. Remediation will be required and needs to be performed by a Professional Mold Cleanup Company, like Safe Shelter Environmental.

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